Friday, April 19, 2024

Understanding the Legal Consequences of Breaching a Restraining Order in Canada

In Canada, restraining orders are put in place to protect individuals from potential harm or harassment. A restraining order, also known as a protection order, is a legal document issued by the court that requires one person to stay away from another person or to cease certain activities. If you find yourself facing allegations of breaching a restraining order, it is crucial to get legal representation in Mississauga or your local area to navigate the complex legal process effectively.This article aims to provide an overview of the legal consequences that can arise from breaching a restraining order in Canada. It is important for individuals to understand the seriousness of violating such an order and the potential penalties they may face. 

Legal Consequences of Breaching

I. What is a Restraining Order?

A. Definition and Purpose 

A restraining order is a court order that restricts the behaviour of an individual towards another person. It serves as a protective measure to prevent further harm, harassment, or contact between the parties involved.

B. Types of Restraining Orders

  • Peace Bonds: Also known as a recognizance, a peace bond is a court order that requires an individual to keep the peace and be of good behaviour towards another person.

  • Family Law Restraining Orders: These orders are issued in situations involving domestic violence or when there is a risk of harm within a family or intimate relationship.

  • Civil Restraining Orders: These orders are typically issued to prevent harassment, stalking, or unwanted contact between individuals who do not have a familial or intimate relationship.

II. Breaching a Restraining Order

A. Violation of the Order

  • Prohibited Contact: One of the most common conditions of a restraining order is to refrain from contacting the protected person, directly or indirectly, through any means of communication.

  • Physical Proximity: The order may require the restrained person to maintain a certain distance from the protected person or their residence, workplace, or other specified locations.

  • No-Harassment: The restrained person must avoid any form of harassment, intimidation, or surveillance of the protected person.

B. Consequences of Breaching a Restraining Order

  • Criminal Charges: Breaching a restraining order is considered a criminal offence in Canada. The violator can be charged under Section 127 of the Criminal Code of Canada, which deals with “Failure to comply with a court order.”

  • Arrest and Detention: If the court finds evidence of a breach, the police have the authority to arrest and detain the violator.

  • Penalties: The penalties for breaching a restraining order can include fines, probation, mandatory counselling or treatment programs, and even imprisonment, depending on the severity of the violation.

III. Seeking Legal Representation

A. Importance of Legal Representation 

When facing charges for breaching a restraining order, it is crucial to seek legal representation to navigate the complex legal process effectively. A knowledgeable lawyer can provide guidance and defend your rights throughout the proceedings.

B. The Role of a Lawyer

  • Assessing the Case: A lawyer will evaluate the circumstances surrounding the alleged breach and identify any potential defences or mitigating factors.

  • Defence Strategy: They will develop a strong defence strategy tailored to your specific case, aiming to challenge the evidence presented by the prosecution.

  • Negotiations and Plea Bargaining: If appropriate, a lawyer may negotiate with the prosecution to seek reduced charges or penalties through a plea bargain.

  • Court Representation: During court appearances, a lawyer will represent you, present arguments, cross-examine witnesses, and advocate for the best possible outcome.


Remember, the consequences of breaching a restraining order can have a significant impact on your personal and professional life. Take the necessary steps to protect yourself and respect the boundaries set by the court. If you require legal representation in Mississauga, contact our experienced team today for a consultation. Our dedicated lawyers will work diligently to safeguard your interests and navigate the complexities of the legal system on your behalf.

Get legal representation in Mississauga now to ensure your rights are protected and to receive the guidance you need to address your legal situation effectively.